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HOW TO RECOGNISE AND PREVENT OSTEOPOROSIS

In this post we pull together top line information on osteoporosis, a relatively common condition in which bones lose their strength.

WHAT IS OSTEOPOROSIS?

Osteoporosis is a condition that weakens bones, making them fragile and more likely to break. It develops slowly over several years and is often only diagnosed when a minor fall or sudden impact causes a bone fracture.

 

WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR OSTEOPOROSIS?

Along with a healthy diet and exercise, you can treat osteoporosis with medicines that help your bones to stay as strong as possible:

  • Some people say the supplement strontium improves bone health, but it’s important to consider its benefits and risks before you take it.
  • Selective elective oestrogen receptor modulators, or SERMS, are a class of estrogen-boosting drugs used to treat osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.
  • Teriparatide) is an osteoporosis medication that builds bone.
  • Myth: No Treatment Helps Active Osteoporosis. Even if you already have osteoporosis, many medicines can help prevent bone loss and rebuild bone. They also may lower your chances for bone fractures.

HOW DO YOU PREVENT OSTEOPOROSIS?

The International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) suggests that adults:
  1. Ensure a nutritious diet and adequate calcium intake.
  2. Avoid under-nutrition, particularly the effects of severe weight-loss diets and eating disorders.
  3. Maintain an adequate supply of vitamin D.
  4. Participate in regular weight-bearing activity.
  5. Avoid smoking and second-hand smoking.
  6. Avoid heavy drinking.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF OSTEOPOROSIS?

There typically are no symptoms in the early stages of bone loss. But once your bones have been weakened by osteoporosis, the Mayo Clinic advises that you may have signs and symptoms that include:

  • Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra.
  • Loss of height over time.
  • A stooped posture.
  • A bone fracture that occurs much more easily than expected.

WHAT CAUSES OSTEOPOROSIS?

Osteoporosis occurs, eMedicineHealth states, when there is an imbalance between new bone formation and old bone resorption.

The body may fail to form enough new bone, or too much old bone may be reabsorbed, or both. Two essential minerals for normal bone formation are calcium and phosphate